Category Archives: Sediq
Ptasan, or facial tattoos, has different patterns due to different tribes. U shaped patterns belong to the Sediq and the Truku. The V shape belongs to the Atayal.
Traditional tattoo methods differ from modern methods in that modern tattoo equipments are electrical. They use medical grade stainless steel for their needles. After disinfecting it, they would seal the package. Once it’s used, the equipment would be discarded. In the past, the dye is a mixture of pine charcoal, so there is only one color. Now, using various plants, a wide variety of colors are available.
Facial Tattoo is the most important cultural representation for the Atayal, Sediq, and Truku. In the traditional cultures of these tribes, facial tattoo identify the wearer’s tribe, age, and abilities. For boys and girls, they could get their tattoos on their foreheads at the age of 5. As for men’s chin tattoo and women’s cheek tattoo, they are only available once the person has become an adult. In the past, the standard for adulthood is that a woman must be able to weave, and a man must be able to hunt and has headhunted.
Facial tattoo is applied by a tattoo master. The tattoo tool is a set of brush-shaped needles or the thorn of a plant. The coloring is a mixture of pine charcoal.
Due to the different environments, Taiwanese indigenous peoples developed different styles of houses. Because the Sediq live high up in the mountains, its traditional housing is different than the straw huts of the Amis and the stone tablet houses of the Paiwan. The Sediq’s traditional housing employs pieces of stone tablets for its roof. They are stacked like fish scales. Using the weight of the tablets for stability, the roof can prevent rain water from seeping through, and strong wind from flipping the roof over. The walls are built using split timber. When people cook inside, the smoke can exit through the gap in the walls. It’s warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
For the Sediq in the past, ramie is an important part of their lives. In a traditional village, almost every home owns a ramie garden. The Sediq women would use the ramie fiber to weave them into ropes, clothing, and blankets. How did they turn these plants into rolls of ropes? And what is the science behind the process of making these ropes?
The Sediq, who live near mountains and forests have always been excellent hunters. Every time, they could bring back a lot of meat, sometimes more than they can bring home. In this episode, Taws uses experimentation to show kids why elders need to smoke meat, and how they preserve food without a refrigerator. Through heat, the quality of protein changes, moisture decreases, but the nutritional value stays the same. It is just one of the many indigenous methods for preserving food.
Located in Taiwan’s Nantou County Renai Towship, there is a very special tree called the Sumac. One hundred years ago, when mountain indigenous people were unable to acquire salt for their diet, the Sumac solved this problem. Indigenous people used this tree to get a balanced diet. What kind of plant is this amazing tree?