Over thousands of years, indigenous people who live by the water have developed clever ways to fish. Fish traps, paralysing vines, fish spears and fish glasses are just some of the examples. Although methods are different due to different tribes having different environments, they all express oneness with nature and the knowledge passed down through generations. The Amis fishing net is a round shaped net. The greater the surface area, the more fish it can catch. This episode uses triangle, square, and round nets of the same perimeters and circumference to show that the one with the greatest area is the round net.
Using characteristics of nature to replace herbicides and fertilizers are the gift the Tao give back to its lands.
What is the scientific principle behind Tao’s traditional irrigation and fertilizing methods? What is the secret to turning soil into gold?
Using vines with paralyzing agents has always been used in early fishing methods. What is derris, and how does it paralyze a fish?
The most effective part of a derris is its roots. It can not only paralyze a fish, but it could also do it very quickly. However, because it is so effective, and it can influence a wide area, the use of derris has been restricted very early on.
There are two types of Tsou arrowheads: bamboo and iron. The bamboo arrowhead is fitted with two pieces of feathers for the fins. The iron arrowhead has three. Adding feathers stabilizes the arrow when it flies. In this episode, the kids throw long shaped balloons to understand the function of stabilizing fins. They even use a small wind-tunnel to observe the difference between arrows with fins and arrows without them.
The early indigenous peoples of Taiwan, whether they depended on the mountains or the sea, used their unique environment for food. This is why each tribes developed their own food culture.
Indigenous hunters’s lunch mainly consisted of sweet potatoes. However, due to the differences in environment, each tribe developed its own kind of lunch for the hunters. Bamboo tube rice is one of the portable food for the Tsou.
Finding the right bamboo and how to fill it with rice require a lot of wisdom.
The glazed beads of Paiwan are not only beautiful, but they are full of mysterious ancient legends. How are glazed beads made? What is the best way to heat them? How does the color get there? And what wisdom of the elders are in the making process.
When anyone mentions baseball, the first thing people think of are the famous Hongye Little League and the Jinlong Little League. Many of the great players are indigenous children from different tribes.
Swinging at a pitch depends on a player’s reflexes and his motion. The degree in which a player turns, the posture of his swing, the angle of contact with the ball, and the striking zone are all key elements to scoring. A seemingly simple swing is actually backed up by a lot of scientific principles.
The “921” Earthquake is the most devestating earthquake in the last hundred years. The Sediq who live in the Nantou area also experienced a great earthquake in the past. This earthquake not only changed the landscape, but also affected the fate of the Sediq.
This episode introduces the three seismic belts: the Pacific Ring of Fire, Eurasia seismic zone, mid-ocean ridge seismic belt. Using toasts and soup to show the collisions of crustal plates, kids can better understand earthquakes and learn to protect themselves.
Due to the different environments, Taiwanese indigenous peoples developed different styles of houses. Because the Sediq live high up in the mountains, its traditional housing is different than the straw huts of the Amis and the stone tablet houses of the Paiwan. The Sediq’s traditional housing employs pieces of stone tablets for its roof. They are stacked like fish scales. Using the weight of the tablets for stability, the roof can prevent rain water from seeping through, and strong wind from flipping the roof over. The walls are built using split timber. When people cook inside, the smoke can exit through the gap in the walls. It’s warm in the winter and cool in the summer.